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 Post subject: Look for an answer from this topic before posting a reply!
PostPosted: June 20th, 2007, 4:56 am 
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Please look if any of these guides has the answer you're looking for before posting a question. Thank you in advance.

Note, none of these guides were made by me.

If you have a question related to these guides, please mention which Guide you're referring to when posting!

6th Member Of the Pub
The Oldest member since Rubinous mysteriously disappeared!

Last edited by Milo on February 25th, 2008, 6:20 pm, edited 6 times in total. Reason: broken links, fixed links
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 Post subject:
PostPosted: June 20th, 2007, 4:59 am 
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*Updated October 6th. 2004*

Ok, i'm currently revamping my entire guide to provide some extremely useful updates, so bear with me if its looks like my guide is only half done or missing something. PLease forgive my misspelling, if you see any, post it or pm me about it with the correct spelling, sometimes i dont even notice them. thxs and enjoy the guide.

First things first:

Get to a safe computer if possble, i found this report explaining why. If this report is very accuarate, i would say that it would be safer to get copies of protection programs from friends you trust on Cds, floppy disks even, to save download time exspcally if you have a bad internet connection here's the report:

"20 Minutes

An unpatched Windows PC connected to the Internet will last for only about 20 minutes before it's compromised by malware, on average According to Internet Storm Center. That figure is down from around 40 minutes, the group's estimate in 2003. The Internet Storm Center, which is part of the SANS Institute, calculated the 20-minute "survival time" by listening on vacant Internet Protocol addresses and timing the frequency of reports received there.

"If you are assuming that most of these reports are generated by worms that attempt to propagate, an unpatched system would be infected by such a probe," the center, which provides research and education on security issues, said in a statement. The drop from 40 minutes to 20 minutes is worrisome because it means the average "survival time" is not long enough for a user to download the very patches that would protect a PC from Internet threats.

In a guide to patching a new Windows system, the Internet Storm Center recommends that users turn off Windows file sharing and enable the Internet Connection Firewall. Microsoft's latest security update, Windows XP Service Pack 2, will set such a configuration, but users will have to go online to get the update, opening themselves up to attack.

Internet Storm Centers Baumhardt stressed the importance of adaptability, using the human immune system as an example: "Imagine if your body said, 'Hmm, I have the flu. I've never had this before, so I'll die.' But that doesn't happen: Your body raises its temperature and so on, to buy time while other mechanisms kick in." "If the human body did patch management the way (companies do), we'd all be dead." "

Quote from:

Sortof have to buy:

Get a anti virus program that is rated very very high, like nortan anti virus. You can get some free ones, but i recommend that you get nortan if you can.

things that are free:

All aviable at , totally safe site dedcated to helping you get stuff to keep ur computer safe. if its not, i'll tell you a safe site to download it from. :D

Microsoft updates
Get the latest patches, download it all, as fast as you can, this should be the first order of business for you if you are on a fresh computer with windows.

Get a firewall ASAP. i recommend Sygate personal firewall, so dang easy, sortof like a XP program running setup, very good. very user friendly. one glance at it and i knew what i had to do. it asks about every little thing that you want in or out. though it does get annoying after a while, but you can customize it to let certain things in/out freely.

Spybot S&D 1.3
The latest anti spyware program, this is extremely easy to use and i love it already, i recommend it. very easy to get updates etc, and this has some nifty stuff that helps speed scanning and lets you scan certain areas if you suspect an area giving you trouble. even helps you set up stuff you wouldn't even know how to. download this from: ... 262,00.asp :wink:

Ad-aware SE

This is a awsome program, i reccomend it, abouste MUST have. extremely user friendly. very easy to use. reccomend it, just get it to keep ur computer safe from dataminers and other nasty stuff.

Stupid search bars
To get rid of stupid search bars and other stuff go to: very extremely helpful site that has a list of known searchbars that do aboustely nothing but spam you with useless stuff. (on the side bar) I recommend adding this to ur favorites and putting it in a text document or some other place with other stuff you need to get to protect ur computer, exspcally useful on a floppy with direct links so you can go directly go to it and start downloading it for the 20 minutes.

Another site is this one helps you remove other gunk that clogs up ur computer and is extremely annoying, i reccomend going to these two sites first before making a topic about a stupid searchbar.

Broswer Hijack Blaster

This one protects your internet explorer from ur personall stuff from getting stolen, i also discovered something new; it can also detect new bho and other stuff that could infact change ur homepage, though most times its useless, but then again, i got lucky a few days ago and caught something changing my webpage. very usefull get it!

Hijack this and CWS Shredder

Two very simple programs that show and or remove stuff. Hijack this shows you a list of stuff that is important and is very helpful if you are having computer problems and a hijack this literate friends on rv. Get them.

Internet Broswers

I recommend getting netscape, mozzila, firefox, and maybe one to two other internet broswers, most worms and other nasty stuff only specialize in taking out IE or something, so thus, you can still get online and get help. :)

Aim Fix
Its a simple program that scans Aim and your computer for known problems with aim, including most viruses.

List Of Goodies To Help You: ... nd_Adware/

This contains sites to help you remove parasites, trojons and just about anything else.

i find this the most ulitmate of the computer defense website, i reccomend going to this site and seeing what new programs they got, some of them are very good but while others are somewhat good, they haven't posted anything crappy as far as i can see.

Thats it for now:

i hope you enjoy my revamped guide and again, if you see anything missiing, spelling mistakes, pm me or just post here. Sooner the better. Thanks.

Guide by Capt_Thanas

Last edited by Milo on January 24th, 2008, 10:52 pm, edited 4 times in total. Reason: spoiler tags blew up
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 Post subject: Programs to remove viruses/etc
PostPosted: June 20th, 2007, 5:01 am 
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1) Adware Se Personal Edition 1.06 ... ml?tag=txt

Get this for a "mod" or a upgrade

Ad-Aware SE Personal Definition File SE1R50 ... g=lst-0-11

2) eTrust PestPatrol Anti-Spyware ... ml?tag=txt

3) Microsoft Windows AntiSpyware beta ... ml?tag=txt

4) Spybot Search& Destory 1.4 ... ml?tag=txt

5) Spy Doctor 3.2 ... ml?tag=txt

6) Webroot Spy Sweeper (Very good in my opinion) ... ml?tag=txt

7) Kerio Personall Firewall 4.0=reliable (as from what sythe says in his guide) ... ag=lst-0-1


Other progs I use that are still good but not better than ^.. (still very good)

7) Counterspy ... 75153.html

Cool Spywall Anti-Spyware ... 07057.html

9) Acronis Privacy Expert Suite 8.0 ... 67983.html

10) Diskeeper 9.0
Speed up your PC

11) Free Klez Removal Utility ... ag=lst-0-7

Mcafee Section

1) McAfee VirusScan ... ag=lst-0-1

2) McAfee SecurityCenter ... ag=lst-0-2

3) McAfee AntiSpyware 1.1 ... ag=lst-0-3

4) McAfee Personal Firewall Plus (NOTE THAT IT IS A FIREWALL) ... ag=lst-0-4

Kaspersky section

1) Kaspersky Anti-Virus Personal Pro 5.0 ... ag=lst-0-1

2) Kaspersky Anti-Virus Definition Complete Update 6/17/2005 ... ag=lst-0-4


Stuff I haven't used but sounds alright..

11) Spycatcher ... 55958.html

12) WebSafe Spyware Secure 1.0 ... 72076.html

13) WinPatrol 9.5 ... ag=lst-0-9

14) EMCO Malware Bouncer Professional 2.1 ... g=lst-0-12

15) 2.94 ... g=lst-0-15


Interesting Reads:

1) Using Spybot: ... ml?tag=txt

2) Using Adware-Se ... ml?tag=txt


all sorts of utilities!!

1) Remote PC Client 4.5.1 ( access any computer from a lan-connected pc!!) ... ag=lst-0-6

2) SystemRecovery Online Backup 7.1.4a
Backup your system ... 16752.html

3) WebDrive 6.08 ... 05304.html

4) Workspace Macro Pro - Automation Edition 5.5.1
[url] ... 93999.html[/url]

5) StartUp Organizer 2.7.257
[url] ... ag=lst-0-6[/url]

6) ActiveLaunch 2.3 ... ag=lst-0-4

7) Power Archiver! ... ag=lst-0-1

8) Cool7-Zip 4.2 popular ... ag=lst-0-4

9) Remote PC Client 4.5.1 ... ag=lst-0-7



1) ZoneAlarm Security Suite
[url] ... 04967.html[/url]

2)Privatefirewall w/Pest Patrol 4.0 ... ag=lst-0-7

3) NeT Firewall ... ag=lst-0-8


Villigers addition

Windows Defender (Beta 2) ... fault.mspx

AVG Anti-Virus: - winner of 2005 softy award

Speedfan Temp controller: - winner of 2006 softy award

all that is programs to remove viruses and such. hope it helps ^_^

Guide by Morte

Last edited by Milo on January 24th, 2008, 10:53 pm, edited 7 times in total. Reason: spoiler tags blew up
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 Post subject: Fortifying Your PC
PostPosted: June 20th, 2007, 5:09 am 
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UPDATE 1/8/05 2:14PM EST: Tip 9 Added

TIP 1: ALWAYS HAVE ANTI-VIRUS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Little story: My computer when I first got it started messing up. My Mcaffe wasnt working it was expired for some reason. I called Sony for some help and the help line guy/dude/whatever asked me what anti-virus am I using. I hesitated a little bit and then I sed "none." The guy almost burst into laughter and then got this serious voice and yelled, "YOU DONT HAVE AN ANTI VIRUS!?!?!?!?!?!?!?" and that was embarasing.He said I should get an anti virus because my computer will get very messed up; and it did. A little later maybe a few weeks, I went and bought Norton Anti- Virus. I had so many problems in my computer that it was amazing. Then I was switching to cable, and my modem came with a free copy of Norton Internet Security. At this point I was a little mad for wasting my money. Then that caught even MORE problems in my computer. So remember, ALWAYS HAVE ANTI-VIRUS!!!!!!!! IF ITS THE LAST THING YOU DO GET IT!!!!!!!!!!

Tip 2: If you are on Interner Explorer (IE), get Firefox 1.0.

Reason: IE has tons of security holes in it. It is also more vonrable(someone help with spelling please) to spyware. Firefox 1.0 is compatible with many extenstions and themes so theres almost always something new. It also comes with built in download manager with downloads a little faster then IE; and it comes with tabbed browsing which will keep your taskbar a little more uncluttered. Also you can choose where everything in your bars go; such as the adress line the go button the back button ETC.

Tip 3: Get Anti-Spyware, adaware, trackware ETC.

Reason: It will help your computer to go a little faster by clearing up some space and some cache. It also gets rid of those annoying pop-ups trying to sell you things you dont want.

Tip 4: Dont download Freeware, Shareware, ETC.

Reason: Because its not really free. Things like Kazza, Bearshare, Limewire?, ETC download Spyware on you computer and run new programs. I currently run Bearshare on my computer it added save.exe to my computer and now it sucks. But I need it for music. So unless you desparate, DON'T DOWNLOAD FREE STUFF CUZ ITS NOT FREE. YOU PAY BY GETTING POP-UPS.

Tip 5: Run Anti-Virus and Anti-trackware products often.

Reason: It helps you out a little bit. Even if you know that you only have a few things in your computer run a scan. One, you never know what might've happened. Two, It builds up and finally it gets impossible to take out and your computer's so slow it can barely do anything. I've had that happen to a few of my cousins and it took forever; Windows wouldn't even load.

Tip 6: Activate Windows' Firewall.

Reason: Since this is the best CHEAPEST defence you dont wanna go buy a firewall for 80USD. Why not use the one that came with your Windows XP. Bill Gates was nice enough to save you some money so make the most of it. If you dont have XP I recommend upgrading to XP.

Tip 7: Get XP SP2/Upgrade your software regularly.

Reason: Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2) comes with tons of great features. It comes with a firewall an IE with less security holes. Less security holes in XP itself. If you dont have XP just keep updating the software you do have. I doubt Windows 95 will get any but maybe they will.


Reason: What good is a program that cant detect anything? I say if your on PC-CILLIN you dont have to worry cuz it does it in the backround. But with Norton run the updater everyday or every other day. Same with the Anti-trackware.


Reason: On most sites a security certificates come up. It says that its going to install something on your computer. Most lazy people usually say yes and the next thing you know, your being bombed with pop-ups and things are so called "Magically" appearing on ur desktop. Only say yes to the companys you know such as Jagex LTD or Microsoft. The most common company to install things onto your computer is Gator. They install annoying tracking cookies that send you pop-ups and will at one point force you to format your computer. I know this because some lazy cousins of mine never read the certificates and just agree. Its like someone sending you saying they're going to kill you and you just agree without knowing that they're going to kill you. Or you can just read the little contract thingy and if you see it's ok then say yes if not say no. If your computer messes up when you say yes and you read EVERYTHING, then that's fraud and they can get penalized for messing up your computer.

I hope this helped anyone having troubles out. Also will someone help me proofread my guide and I would also like help on updating it such as giving me more specific or better info. I will recognize you if you want. Youll just have to remind me.

Guide by Cosmos and Darkpig (Piggah)

Last edited by Milo on January 24th, 2008, 10:54 pm, edited 4 times in total. Reason: spoiler tags blew up
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 Post subject: Free FTP Clients
PostPosted: June 20th, 2007, 5:18 am 
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To put it simply, an FTP client is a program used to connect your website or any other network. Most free web host plans (, don't allow you to access your website via FTP.

FireFTP - This is a cross-platform FTP client for Mozilla Firefox [an extention] which provides easy and intuitive access to FTP servers. NOTE: This program is still in 'beta' meaning that while it works just fine, it is still in development and there are still features and improvements to be made. Requires Firefox.

- A secure ftp client that includes SSH/SFTP, SSL/TLS, IDN, browser integration, site to site transfers, drag and drop support, file viewing, file editing, transfer resuming, firewall support, custom commands, URL parsing, command line transfers, and much, much more![/font]

Guide by: Cosmos

Last edited by Milo on January 24th, 2008, 10:54 pm, edited 4 times in total. Reason: spoiler tags blew up
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 Post subject: Handy JavaScript Search Tools!
PostPosted: June 20th, 2007, 5:19 am 
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Simply add these links to your bookmarks for quick and easy searching. I have posted a google search and wikipedia search. Click these links, and if you have highlighted any text, it automatically searches either google or wikipedia for your highlighted text. If no text is highlighted, a handy search box will pop up into which you can type your keywords. Firefox users can add these links to their bookmarks toolbar, or IE users can add them to their links bar. Or alternatively, you can just add them to your bookmarks and select the link from there.

Google -
javascript:q=document.getSelection();for(i=0;i<frames.length;i++){q=frames[i].document.getSelection();if(q)break;}if(!q)void(q=prompt('Google Search:',''));if(q)location.href=''+escape(q)

Wikipedia -
javascript:q=document.getSelection();for(i=0;i<frames.length;i++){q=frames[i].document.getSelection();if(q)break;}if(!q)void(q=prompt('Wikipedia Search:',''));if(q)location.href=''+escape(q)

Or simply make your own -

javascript:q=document.getSelection();for(i=0;i<frames.length;i++){q=frames[i].document.getSelection();if(q)break;}if(!q)void(q=prompt('PUT YOUR SEARCH ENGINE NAME HERE:',''));if(q)location.href='PLACE THE URL UP UNTIL THE PART WHERE YOUR QUERY IS'+escape(q)

Guide by: Shando

Last edited by Milo on January 24th, 2008, 10:54 pm, edited 4 times in total. Reason: spoiler tags blew up
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 Post subject: The Definitive Guide to Hardware!
PostPosted: June 20th, 2007, 5:22 am 
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Ok, after seeing the guides here I thought it would be nice if I just did a big compendium of everything to do with a PC, so here we go, lets start with the most important part of a PC.

The Processor as you will hear is compared to that of a Brain, it is used to calculate and communicate with the other parts of the computer. There are currently two big companies which deal with processors, they are:
Firstly, this isn't trying to make you like one more than the other as the fact remains, they are both very good companies. But here is a summary of their current CPUs.

Processors work out their speed by this formula:
FSB x Multiplier = Speed (overclocking will have more on this)
aside from speed, Processors also have something called Cache which is an incredibly fast storage system, processors usually have 64kb of L1 cache, 512kb - 1mb of L2 cache and sometimes they have some L3 cache which is very expensive.
Intel processors are commonly 32bit and AMDs processors are now 64bit, this refers to how large the Registers inside the processor are, these store commands and the larger the register, the more complex or plentiful the commands can be.

Intel's current CPU is the LGA775 Pentium 4, common tongue is the Pentium 4 is a very good Media processor which is fantastic for encoding and handling media. Also, Intel concentrate on getting the highest clocks imaginable which is why you hear things like the Overclock 6ghz Pentium 4 3.6ghz. (more on overclocking later)
One problem I find with Intel are their processors are very expensive compared to AMD but you literally do get what you pay for. Another exciting thing about Pentium 4s are they have something called a Quad Pumped Front Side Bus, you will find out what a Front Side Bus is later but it pretty much means that the Pentium 4 can transport 4 times more data per clock cycle (thats a good thing), Pentium 4s also have something called HT technology which stands for "Hyper Threading" what this means is that when you are "multi-tasking" the processor will instead of doing one thing after the other, it will share the workload 50:50 so instead of doing 3ghz, it will do 1.5ghz for 2 different things.
Intel's latest Processor core structure is the Prescott.

AMD are renowned currently for their 64bit Athlon processor, something Intel have only just had due to the reason Microsoft said they weren't going to produce a different version of Windows X64 for both processors.
AMD's current processor is the AMD athlon 64 skt 939 which is renowned for it's high performance in games. The biggest difference between an Athlon 64 and a Pentium 4 is that the Memory controller (reroutes data from the Processor to the Memory) is not on the Northbridge (a chip on the motherboard) but is instead inside the Processor itself, this means it has no FSB but instead has something called a Hyper Transport bus which is currently at 2000mhz max.
What makes AMD completely different from Intel processors is that people will immediately notice that they aren't the same speed as their Intel Counter parts, take for instance the AMD athlon 64 3000 cpu (skt939), it is rated at 3000 which means it should be the same as an Intel Pentium 4 3.0ghz, yet it only has 1.8ghz of processing speed. The reason for this is very simple, Intel concentrated on getting the highest clock speeds while AMD concentrated on getting the most performance out of each clock. Funnily enough, the AMD 64 3000 cpu woops the Intel Pentium 4 3.0ghz cpu's ass badly.
AMD's latest core is the Winchester 90nm.

Memory is as the name suggests, is what the computer stores stuff in, this kind of memory is called "RAM" which means "Random Access Memory".
RAM is where the computers short term data is stored which means that when you turn the computer off, the RAM is wiped clean. Currently, the most common RAM is DDR ram which means "Double Data Rate" which means the RAM runs at twice the speed which it is designated.
RAM is rated by Speeds, the most common RAM nowadays and cheapest is PC3200 RAM / DDR400. The way RAM works is that it runs at the speed of the Processor (or in Ratio to it). Now when I say at the speed of the processor, im referring to the Front Side Bus. So if your Processor's FSB is 200, your memory is running at 200mhz which is 400mhz due to DDR. Now, I'm not going to go into Overclocking just yet but aside from a Processor, memory is the second most important thing in terms of overclocking.

The motherboard is what "is" the computer, this is where everything plugs into and hosts a range of features which interest buyers. Currently the most talked about motherboard at the moment is Nvidia's new Nforce 4 chipset which hosts a range of features ranging from a built in Firewall to dual Graphics card slots. Here is a list of all the types of slots a motherboard hosts or does host:

IDE - IDE (Intergrated Drive Electronics) is what CD drives and HDD are connected into
S-ATA - (Serial ATA) Faster than IDE, this is what HDD use and what CD drives someday will use
P-ATA - Parrallel ATA is another slot used for CD drives
Floppy - Floppy drive slot
ISA - Industry Standard Architecture - this is no longer used but acted as PCI nowadays
PCI - Peripheral Component Interconnect, this is what Graphics cards, sound cardsm network cards use.
AGP - Accelerated Graphics Port - a high speed port dedicated to Graphics cards
PCI-E - PCI - Express is a faster version of PCI and AGP and will replace it eventually
SCSI - Small computer system interface, an incredibly fast and expensive port used for Hard drives most of the time.

Motherboards host a range of features as well such as onboard sound, video, RAID etc, usually, onboard is never as good as the real thing but audio is quite useful as well as RAID (we'll look into this later)

Power Supplies
Funnily enough, the powersupply could very well be "the" most important part in the whole damn computer, it supplies current to the computer using things called "Rails" there are 5 types of Rail:

5v Standby

they are used to supply current to different components of the computer, the most important ones to look for are the 3.3v, 5v and 12v, the 12 in particular since this is the rail that supplies electricity to the processor, so the higher this is, the more electricity you can flow into your processor.
You should never skimp out on Power Supplies since the power of it will determine your upgrade path, getting a cheap just means headaches and usually if your computer is having trouble remaing stable then a power supply upgrade is in order.
I recomend these makes:
PC Cooler and Power (i forget it)
X-Pro (new on the block and they're PSUs seem really good)
Antec (highly good!!!)

the ones you don't want in particular are Q-Tec PSUs, they suck

Power Supplies are rated in watts but don't be fooled by their rating, these are most likely never true and are worked out in a very strange and bizarre way, that cheap Q-Tec 600watt powersupply is most likely going to perform similarly to a 350watt Antec Truepower Powersupply yet with the antec, you'll still be able to supply more current over the rails without the powersupply going BOOM and destroying most of your computer, people say overclocking is dangerous, you ain't seen Q-Tec PSUs.

Hard Disk Drive
A very important part of the computer, this is the computers long term storage, it is slower than RAM and is the main component which affects the dreaded "loading time" Hard drives have become very cheap nowadays and only the incredibly large HDDs cost alot.
There are three ports HDDs use, they are:

funnily enough, I have put them in order of fastest to slowest as well as expensive to cheapest. The most popular is S-ATA although thats followed by IDE.
Hard drives measured in Gigabytes, if you do not know what that means, he is a little table.
8bits = 1 byte
1024bytes = 1kilobytes
1000kilobytes = 1megabyte
1000megabytes = 1gigabyte

You do get riculous amounts such as Terrabytes and even highger but currently, we use gigabytes, megabytes and kilobytes most of the time.

Hard Drives use special discs called Platters which are typically Discs which can hold a huge amount of data, the more platters there are, the more the disc can hold as well as the drive becoming slightly slower.
A hard drive works like a Record player, the disc spins and a spindle finds the information. The faster the disc can spin, the faster the data is found which is why 10,000rpms is very expensive for a S-ATA drive and 15,000rpms is what makes SCSI very good.
You will also want to look for buffer size which is how large, the chunks of data can be juggled although its doesn't really effect performance a great deal.

RAID or Redundant Array of Inexpensive (or Independent*) Discs is a concept where 2 cheap HDDs would outperform 1 Expensive drive. The way it works is by combining 2 or more drives together to form 1 invisible drive which exists as stripes of data, this improves performance but isn't really worth the money.
This isn't really a place where you can learn alot so search google for more information.

Disc Drive
A computer should have atleast some sort of disc drive, this is commonly where you insert the disc into. There are lots of drives and here are the main ones:
CD drive
DVD drive
Floppy Drive
ReWritable Drive

they are very self explanatory, CD drives play CDs, DVD drives play DVDs and Rewritable drives and write data to discs (burning).
The deciding factor is how fast it can do these things and these are shown by how large the multiplier is, also you will look for features such as, does the DVD drive support Dual Layer which is a 2 platter DVD with 8.5gb of storage on it.

Graphics Card
Possibly the most talked about feature, the graphics card is the main factor when it comes to running games on a computer. There are two big companies that fight out the battle for the best card, they are:
with it's latest line up being the X800 gpu
with it's latest lineup being the 6800 gpu.

What alot of people get wrong is what makes a graphics card good and there are 4 main things that this comes down to:
GPU speed
The GPU is the processor on the graphics card, the faster this is, the more geomotry can be calculated. The type of GPU is also important which is why a 6800 gpu is better than a Geforce 4 GPU etc.
Memory Speed
The faster this is, the more textures can be imported and exported to and from the memory.
Memory Type
There are surprisingly a huge amount of types of memory that are used in computing, graphics cards use 2 types.
GDDR (DDR3) and DDR, GDDR is super fast compared to DDR and runs at 1.6 - 2.0 nanoseconds while DDR runs at about 4 - 5.0ns, quite a small difference but means alot with the next factor.
Memory Width
This refers to how many Bits the memory is comprised of, it is 128bits or 256bits, this is crucial with memory as this is how bandwidth is formulated:
1000/2.0 = 500 (GDDR) = 1000mhz
128 / 8 = 16 x 500 = 8000 (GDDR) = 16000GB/s bandwidth.

Slow memory with a small bus width will result in low bandwidth which is much more crucial than how much memory you have. This is why some cards with 128mb of RAM perform much better than cards with 256mbs of RAM.

Ok, the bit you have been waiting for.
Ok, now, overclocking is where you raise the speed of a component above factory settings. From what you have probably heard, it is a very good thing, extra speed for free and the funny thing is, that is exactly what happens, people have these crazy obsessions that overclocking will blow up your processor or melt your motherboard when in actual fact, the chances of that happening are incredibly low and even then, people that will know what they are doing will know what they are doing anyway if ya get my drift ;)
Anyway, the test subject is going to be a 3.0ghz Pentium 4. Now the speed which you already know if you have read all of this is:
it is actually this:

Now, a successful overclock is an overclock that raises the speed of the entire system, simply raising the multiplier (which can't happen unless you use a special board) won't raise the FSB, so no speed increase.

So, lets take a look at the whole systems speed:

CPU - 1:1 (200mhz) (200x15=3000)
RAM - 1:1 (200mhz DDR400)
PCI - 1:6 (33mhz) (1/6th dividor)
AGP - 2:6 (66mhz) (2/6th dividor)

so these are the ratios that a computer works, so if we raised the FSB from 200 to 210 it would be:

CPU - 1:1 (210mhz) (210x15=3150)
RAM - 1:1 (210mhz DDR420)
PCI - 1:6 (35mhz)
AGP - 2:6 (70mhz)

Now you might think increasing the PCI and AGP buses is a good thing but it ain't, it just causes them to crash. To stop them crashing, the motherboard will have to support something called a "PCI/AGP" lock which will stop the AGP/PCI buses getting overclocking which is a must for an overclocking system.

So now, lets take a look at a heavily overclocked system:

CPU - 1:1 (250mhz) (250x15=3750)
RAM - 1:1 (250mhz DDR500)
PCI - 1:6 (41mhz)
AGP - 2:6 (83mhz)

Now then, we have achieved an overclock of 3750mhz, thats a 750mhz increase. Now it all seems like cake on paper but when your overclocking, the problem is that the higher the clock is, the more voltage the processor will need, this is where the heat comes from as the more voltage through a processor, the higher the temperature will go. This is why people will use water cooling, phase change cooling or even liquid nitrogen to reduce temperatures.
The next problem is memory, since memory at default runs in sync with the processor, a higher overclock will mean faster memory, changing the ratios still means a faster processor but it won't give as good results as running the memory in sync.
Changing ratios works like this:

1:1 ratio:

FSB 200
RAM 200

5:4 ratio:

FSB 250
RAM 200

it works but it won't give good results as running faster memory.

Overclocking is done in the BIOS, you can do it in windows but you don't get the same flexibility as a good BIOS will give. Then what you do is raise the FSB in small increments, usually 2mhz to 5mhz, then reboot and see if the computer boots, if it does, run a benchmark like SiSoft Sandra benchmarks and see if it works, if it does, give yourself a pat on the back, you need to remember that if you overclock successfully without increasing the voltage, you can't have gained any extra temperature (or hardly any)
If your computer fails to boot, you pull a cable out the motherboard entitled "CMOS", take it out for a minute or two and then put it back in and re-enter your BIOS settings, now there are 3 things you can do:
1. Leave it at the last successful overclock
2. Increase the voltage (as low as you can)
3. Lower the multiplyer, remember, its the FSB that creates a good system, not the multiplyer.
Once again

Q & A
Q. When I overclock, will my processor explode?
A. There is an incredibly low chance of this happening, the main things to look out for are:
Warranty Void
Decrease in lifespan (hardly a big decrease)
Raised Temperatures
You have to remember that modern processors will turn themselves off if they get to hot.

Q. When's it time to upgrade?
A. Sadly, it's always time to upgrade, as soon as you buy something, chances are that there will be something immediately faster available, usually you have to know when you need to upgrade, such as there isn't much point upgrading if you can play all the latest games but there is point if a game comes out that you can't play.

My Rig
Here is my computer:
(Pictures to come soon)

AMD Athlon 64 3000 skt 939 1.8ghz @ 2ghz (225x9)
Gigabyte K8NF nForce 4 skt 939 motherboard
MSI Geforce 6600gt @ 500/1000 (stock)
2x512mb GeIL PC3200 Value RAM
Hitachi 160gb Deskstar
NEC 3520 Dual Layer DVD rewriter
Soundblaster Live! 5.1
X-Pro 460watt Power Supply
Antec Plusview 1000AMG Case

Ok, what ya think?

(Oh, and no stealing :D)

*Thanks to Hyper-X for the input



The guide to Overclocking by Or1g1nal

(please read whole guide before doing, as you may not understand some parts if you do it as you read)

Mobo = Motherboard
CPU = Computer Processor
PSU = Power supply
CMOS = Small BIOS memory unit
BIOS = Basic Input Output System

WARNING: If you are not 100% certain you know what you are doing never even open up your computer, nor even think about overclocking.
I take no liability for anything that you say or do in accordance to my guide as problems can occur for other reasons depending on your individual hardware and tools.

Overclocking is the process used to increase the speed your motherboard and processor talk to eachother, it also increases processors MHz speed depending on how high you overclock it.

Why to Overclock it?
Possibly to speed a not so fast computer up to play certain games without lag or to increase the general speed of your computer. If Overclocking is done correctly it can greatly increase you processor spec.

Why not to Overclock it?
Because when a computer is overclocked it works harder than it is meant to, thus heating it up a lot more than un unclocked computer. If you overclock you must be completely sure you have the cooling devices in your computer to handle a processor that has heated up considerably more than recommended. If not cooled correctly can lead to an easily fried processor (not exactly the cheapest part of your computer). A computer processor is not meant to be heated above the recommended 50 degress Celsius for pentium and and between 70 to 90 degrees Celsius for Amd Athlon models depending on the Series.
With all new Cpu’s they come with there own heatsink fan which is extremely important for the cpu’s survival. Here is a video of what happens to a CPU that is not cooled correctly. ...

Computers that are not cooled correctly will either fry or throttle (lower speed to reduce heat i.e. a Pentium4 3.0GHz could go down to even 1.0GHz which is a major loss of computer speed.
If you ever build a pc or overclock a pc, make sure that you have installed a computer thermometer which can be downloaded from a number of computer hardware sites. Also if you purchase many of the new Pro series Asus motherboards for Pentium Processors, they automatically turn off when they sence the computer is overheated too much which is a wonderfull feature to have.
(the reason I have focused on cooling so much here is because it is very important to a computers survival and computers can result in a number of problems if not cooled correctly).

Another reason for not overclocking your computer is because many professionals have made opinions on overclocking saying that in time it can cause damage to your computer anyway even if cooled efficiently and done correctly.

A basic Step by step guide to overclocking by Or1g1nal

(before following my guide find out from your supplier or the internet a realistic clock size for your computer that is safe and is not pushing your CPU too hard, different Processors can overclock to different speeds. Before doing anything too stress filled to your computer i.e. playing games, running certain programs etc it is recommended you install and run this file which will see if your computer is stable at this speed, if unstable return settings to default or reduce to a safe level. This test should be done after computer is overclocked )

(not all motherboards are overclock capable and thus cannot be overclocked at all, before you overclock your system you should read your manual and see if your motherboard is overclock capable.)

1. When you first turn on your computer press Delete straight away which will bring up your computers BIOS (Basic Input Output System) menu where you will need to start the process.
2. Look for a little section of this menu that says CPU speed or Advanced Chipset Features.
3. When you have reached this section you can change raise CPU clock ratio and FSB Frequency to the desired level. Making sure that you are 100% sure that the level of overclock you have chosen is not too high for your CPU and MOBO to handle.
4. I suggest you raise your FSB and CPU settings in step 3 a small amount at a time then run your system and check the tester above to make sure its stable. Then keep raising a little bit at a time taking note of your last amount of increase so that if it is unstable you can restart and you’l know that the last increase is the highest overclock your system is capable of.
5. If for some reason you accidentally raise your FSB and CPU settings to a much higher level than is possible and your computer shuts down and wont turn on don’t fret. There is nothing to worry about, because your computer just wont run long enough to fry anything. To restore your computer to its original state you will need to restart your BIOS back to there default settings and starting right back from the beginning of the guide. This is done by reseting the CMOS (a very small piece of memory on the back of your motherboard of which’s purpose is to remember your BIOS settings), to do this change the position of your CMOS jumper (a little wire knob on the end of your CMOS) on your mobo and waiting a few minutes for it to reset and then re-placing the jumper in its original position. Some CMOS batteries however don’t come with this jumper and a different process is then required. You must turn your computer off (unplug aswell) and remove the CMOS battery completely from your mobo, then turn your computer on again (keep it unplugged but just press the on button anyway), it will then discharge of CMOS memory, though u must still wait a couple of minuter before this will occur. Then plug your computer in again place the battery back in it’s original position and start the process again.

Here is my guide to Overclocking I hope it has helped in any of your questions, even though I have this knowledge I choose not to Overlock my system because of potential risks.
If you are unsure of certain parts do not commence overclock and make sure you know what every step means and understand it completely before starting.
If anyone has any suggestions for this guide please send them to me.
This guide was written entirely by me with no help. I encourage you to learn from it.
(I cannot stress enough how important it is that you understand everything before attempting this and the dangers that could happen if not done correctly.)

Thanks for reading my guide
By Or1g1nal


Looking to upgrade your graphics card? This is a guide to help you choose. :D

Why Upgrade?
Games are constantly getting more demanding, as they require higher specs from a PC, better cards are needed.
Every couple of years, you may need to buy a more up to date one unless you want to play games with the lowest settings and at a low resolution.

How Do I Know When I Need A New Card?
The obvious reason is games do not run fast and getting very low framerates. You can view your framerate by using a program called FRAPs, which gives you your framerate in FPS (frames per second) in the corner of the screen.
FRAPs download link -

Bear in mind that the video card may not be the only component providing performance issue, a RAM (Random Access Memory) upgrade may be neccessary.

How Do I Know Which Card I Currently Have?
This is simple.
Windows users, Go to Start> Run and type "dxdiag". This will show you your proccessor (CPU) and other components. Go to the Display tab and it will show you your card, or if you have integrated graphics like this computer I'm on.

As you can see, my graphics have 32MB RAM, not good for today's games. At least 128MB is required for decent gameplay. 64MB is okay if you don't want eye candy.

Who Make Video Cards
The two main brands in the video card industry are Nvidia and ATI. Companies like Intel do integrated graphics solutions but a gamer would not want a card like this. Nvidia and ATI have been battling for years for supremecy over the market.

Okay, But How Do I Decide Which Card To Get?
First, you need to know what kind of cards your motherboard can take. Most PCs take AGP and PCI cards. Some Intel machines have PCI-Express, a new technology, soon to arrive on AMD machines with nForce 4. Basically, PCI-Express beats AGP, which is better than PCI. Most cards at the moment are avaliable in AGP.

AGP Cards
These are the cards you should be looking for, I will put these in price format, depending on how much you'd want to spend. Obviously thr higher the price the better. :)

Low budget - Below £100 ($190)
Prices taken from Ebuyer
These are really the lowest you can get in modern cards. The higher priced ones are good enough though but they fit in the cheaper price margin.

ATI Radeon 9250 with 256MB DDR - £40-50 ($90)
Nvidia Geforce FX5200 256MB DDR - £50 ($90)

GeForce FX5500 256MB DDR - £60 ($115)
Radeon 9550 256MB DDR - £57 ($110)

Radeon 9600XT 128MB DDR - £95 ($180)
Geforce FX5700 128MB DDR - £103 ($197)
Last one's just a little over, prices do vary. :wink:

You may have noticed there are some with 256MB DDR, not really neccessary, specially on budget cards. 128 is perfectly fine.
Personally I'd go with the 9600XT, it has the edge over the 5700, XT being the equivelent of an Ultra verison of an Nvidia card. :)

Mid Range - £100 - £200
Looking to spend more? This will get a much more capable and up-to-date card.

GeForce FX5700Ultra 128MB DDR - £125 ($240)
Radeon 9800 128MB DDR - £110 ($211)

Geforce FX 5900XT 128MB DDR - £140 ($270)
Radeon 9800 PRO 128 MB DDR - £142 ($274)

GeForce 6600GT AGP8x 128MB DDR3 - £145 ($278)

The Geforce 6600GT is a new card, the latest modern tehnology, has the edge over the rest in this bracket and for a few pounds more. I have bought one myself. :P
Don't get it confused with the PCI-Express version.

Top Range - £200+
The best cards on the market!

Radeon X800PRO 256MB DDR3 - £275 ($526)
GeForce 6800 GT 256MB DDR3 - £320 ($612)

GeForce 6800 Ultra 256MB DDR3 - £490 ($937)
Radeon X800 XT 256MB GDDR3 - £330 ($631)

The VERY top cards, as you can see are extremely overpriced. The Radeons are cheaper for about the same performance, but the x800 probably takes the lead there.

I do apologize if the exchange rates are wrong, I used XE for the conversions, could someone please correct me if they are wrong? :)

Where can I buy a Card?
UK - or
US - or
Look for good prices, good manufacturers are XFX, Gainward, BFG for Nvidia Geforce and ATI Radeon have Sapphire, Connect 3D, Powercolor.

What's Next In Video Card Technology?
Nvidia are releasing their SLI technology in the next few months. This is where two GPUs are connected together in the motherboard, with an nForce 4 SLI chipset. This enables, effectively, double the power and can be done using 2 x Geforce 6600GT, 6800GT or 6800 Ultra cards, this can only be done with PCI-Express cards. It's unlikely that SLI will be supported in Socket 754 AMD 64 CPUs, only 939.

And lastly, good luck!

Guide by evadek

Last edited by Milo on January 24th, 2008, 10:54 pm, edited 2 times in total. Reason: spoiler tags blew up
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 Post subject: How To Make FireFox Run Faster!
PostPosted: June 20th, 2007, 5:32 am 
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To see this guide, please click the button below to view its content.
1.Type about:config into the address bar and hit return. Scroll down and look for the following entries:
network.http.pipelining network.http.proxy.pipelining network.http.pipelining.maxrequests

Normally the browser will make one request to a web page at a time. When you enable pipelining it will make several at once, which really speeds up page loading.
2. Alter the entries as follows: ( these are Towards the bottom of the page )
Set "network.http.pipelining" to "true"  ( just double click)
Set "network.http.proxy.pipelining" to "true"
Set "network.http.pipelining.maxrequests" to some number like 30. This means it will make 30 requests at once.

3. Lastly right-click anywhere and select New-> Integer. Name it
and set its value to "0". This value is the amount of time the browser waits before it acts on information it receives.

Milo wrote:
Also if you have FAST connection, it seems to make your Firefox load packes if you change these two DNS cache options as well. It uses more of your bandwidth but less processor:
1. Type "about:config" into the address bar and hit return. Then click the filter and type "DnsCache"
and you will see these two values.
    network.dnsCacheEntries default integer 512
    network.dnsCacheExpiration default integer 3600
Change those values to 1 (zero would probably work as well) and all pages should load faster.

Guide by 66spookyKid66

Last edited by Milo on January 24th, 2008, 10:55 pm, edited 3 times in total. Reason: spoiler tags blew up
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 Post subject: How To Make RuneScape Run Faster!
PostPosted: June 20th, 2007, 5:35 am 
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Do you have a slow computer, do you lag a lot in Runescape? I have. I have lost trades, weapons, and even have died in the wilderness because of lagging. Here are some ways to make your computer faster! There are lots of things that can slow down Runescape. Here is a list of things that can slow down your machine so you can't run Runescape all that well.
Pop Ups, Ads, Ad ware, Spy ware, and Viruses. These are all covered in this guide as well as some other things.

Less Use of Memory

Ever find yourself with ton of programs running and Runescape running slow.
Computers get most of their speed from ram and memory. Well, everything on your computer uses ram.
Listening to music, watching videos, have advertisements running. You could be doing anything, virtually, and have it slow down your computer.

Solution: Exit out of all the excess programs that you are not using. If you are running really slowly, then don't load High Detail. Don't listen to music or watch videos on the same computer that you are playing runescape on.

Popup Blockers with Windows

Popups, we all hate them. They can install ad ware, spy ware, tons of stuff. With windows XP, you can go to Tools in your Internet Explorer, then click on Internet Options. From there, go to the tab Privacy. There, it should have at the bottom the window Pop-up Blocker. It has a square you can check that says Block pop-ups. Check that box.

Are you still getting pop-ups? Well, go to Tools, Internet Options... and click on the Privacy tab again. Go to the bottom of the window and click on settings. Another window should come up. Go to the bottom of that window and click on the drop down list's arrow. Then click on High: Block All pop-ups (Ctrl to override). Close the window by clicking on the close button or X out. It should close and then close that window. ( By Ctrl to override, it means that if you want a popup to pop up and you clicked on a link for it to pop up, then hold Ctrl then click so the popup will still come up)

If you are not using Windows, then the chances are very great that your ISP will have a Pop-Up Blocker. Also, if you cannot find anyother method, there are some toolbars that you can download of the internet, but it is not very reccomended that you do that. Most tool bars come along with Viruses, Ad ware, and Spy ware.

Don't Like Those Ads?
(If you are P2P, then skip this section)

I am pretty sure no one likes the advertisements on the top of the Runescape screen when you are playing. I know that you can't really get the bars to go away, but what I do know, is that you can easily make them so that it doesn't use as much memory so you can use the memory on Runescape. (For memory terms, refer to Less Use of Memory)Some of them, can not be helped by this method, but then if you are even able to log on to Runescape, then that should be know problem. Some of the ads at the top of the Runescape screen use alot of memory to run. As I said before, you cannot really make the ads go away, but make them so they don't use up as much memory. You can right click the advertisement (remember, Right click so you don't make a pop up come up, unless you are blocking them) and highlight Quality. Another list of options should come up. The list should have the following: High, Medium, Low. Click on low and you will see the graphics on the advertisment look a bit cruddy. Believe it or not, you just tricked the ad into using less memory. Also, thanks Boy Hits Car for this information: If you right click above the "?" right of the ad and select "reload", then another ad will show up, but it will not change.If you right click on a corner of the ad, then select zoom in, you lag a lot less often. One or two zoom ins should do the job, but if it doesn't just do it a few more times. Although, it doesn't work in some of them.

Ad ware and Spy ware

A lot of people download many things. A majority of those things out there on the Internet (I would say about 90%) come with Ad Ware and Spy ware. What ad ware and spy ware does, is it slows you're computer down up to 500%. When you get spy ware on computer, then you are being watched by some hacker that can screw your computer up. This is usually how Child Predators and Identity Thieves get to their victims. Generally, as I said, you get these things from programs that you have downloaded. I am going to make myself an Oximoron right now... You can make all the ad ware and spy ware go away by downloading some certain programs. Here is a list of some programs that you can download: ... laylang=en , Microsofts Anti-Spyware Beta. It has been tested, and is free of ad-ons. By running this program every couple of days, you can make sureyou don't have any spy ware on your computer. If you do find any, this program allows you to destroy it. ... ag=lst-0-2 , a program called Ad Aware. This program allows you to destroy all the ad ware you find by scanning your machine with this same program. It is very great and again has been tested.

If you kind of have a problem with not downloading things, then you can download from , it is a Microsoft trusted site and you can download many things from.

Viruses are very annoying. They can do many things to your computer. Many ISP's have virus protection, but for those who don't you should know. You can get a lot of viruses. You can get them from e-mail, even from visiting other sites!(they can be attatched to cookies) The fact is, you can't really protect yourself from them withoust some anti-virus software. Some software I have is Syntamatec Anti-Virus. You can get it at a lot of local stores, Wal-Mart or Office Max. It is really simple, all you do is run virus scans, quarantine the viruses, then delete them. It is worth the money and time. It can help you in the long run really well.

Here is a place where you can buy them: ... _ID=205506 .

When To Run Programs
We all should know that by now, you shouldn't be running too many programs at once. Some people think its okay. Most programs are okay, but some aren't. Programs that are good, would be generally programs like Microsoft Office, some Messengers, some HTML doecuments. Well, some aren't good to run. If you buy some software programs, and they are over $10, then they probably take up enough memory to make you lag. The point is, if you don't want to lag, use one program at a time. Don't be running Adobe Photoshop or virus scans or spy ware scans all the time. It will lag your computer pretty bad, because the scans have to look through every file in your computer and Photoshop takes a really long time. Sometimes on Photoshop, I can't even use things becuae I have too low memory and it's the only program running.

Error 101
Recently I recieved a request to make an error guide for Runescape. One of the errors suggested to resolve was 101. Well, the error is simply that you're computer failed to download the Runescape game so that you can play it. It is simple to resolve this. Check your internet connection. If you use a router, unplug the router and replug it so that its not so heated up. Check your own computer, make sure it doesn't have too much static electricity and also make sure that it's not too hot. If it is, just unconnect it and let it cooldown. If none of that works, than just simply restart every time or just use the real Runescape website to log in instead of Swift Switch or another program.

Hints Given by RVers
Darmadia wrote:
if you have Windows XP pro, press on the "Start" icon in your left corner of the screen and choose "run". Write "gpedit.msc" and press OK. On the left of the new window that poped up, scroll down "Computer configurations". Then open "Administrative templates". Then double-click on "Network" and
open "Qos packet scheduler". Now you should see something called "Limit reservable Bandwidth". Open it and choose "Enable" in the new window. Then choose the "Bandwidth Limit %" to 0 (Zero). Press OK and restart your computer. By doing this you will release 20% bandwidth used by some windows components that don't really need it..
Runescape Windows Client doesn't lag as much as IE6. Here is where you can get it: or my clicking on Extra Files on the Runescape Main Menu.
d3_kamikaze wrote:
A really good free anti-virus: AVG Free Edition

I uninstalled Norton Anti-Virus pro 2004(made by Symatec btw) and installed this and it works much better, and requires less system resources so it lets your computer run much faster.

Best browser in the world: FireFox

MUCH better than IE. Its faster, has tabbed browsing, is much safer, and can be skinned. It also has tons of official downloadable add-ons to make it better.

Another Anti-Spy program: SpyBot S&D

Use this in conjunction with Ad-Aware. If you run both programs, they should cover each other's blind spots and clean out most of the spyware on your PC.


Do NOT, I repeat, DO NOT have more than one ANTI-VIRUS on your computer at one time. They cause SEVERE sofware conflicts and can make your computer run VERY SLOW and crash alot.

I hope you found this usefull.

You might just want to add it into the guide or something o.O


Thank You's
Thank you's:
Boy Hits Car

Well, I hope that you can have a better time running Runescape. Thanks for reading this guide. If you have any questions, just pm me or post here.

Due to the new rule that Runescape has, (Rule 15) I can't show people how to block the ads, but how to make them use less memory. Sorry...

Guide by Terra Dagger

Last edited by Milo on January 24th, 2008, 10:55 pm, edited 2 times in total. Reason: spoiler tags blew up
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 Post subject: Getting started with Linux
PostPosted: June 20th, 2007, 5:39 am 
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So, you've decided to try out or migrate to Linux for whatever reason. Maybe Windows is just too insecure, maybe Windows just annoys you, maybe you simply want to do more, maybe it's a cost factor. For whatever reason, I'm going to explain to you the different distributions of linux, reasons to and not to switch, and other information that you should know before deciding to install Linux on your hard drive.

Linux... Is that a word processor?

Ok, so maybe you know quite a bit about Linux, but you've never really "got to know it" on a personal level. Maybe you've heard it mentioned by a few people and thought it sounds cool. Before diving into Linux, you should know a little bit about it. I won't get into major details here. If you want to read a lot on Linux I suggest using this page:


As most know, Linux was originally created by Linus Torvalds in 1991 as a replacement for Minux, a unix-like system. Linux was originally to be called "Freax", combining free and freak. However, when his friend Ari Lemmke uploaded Freax to a network for distributing, he was unhappy with Freax and distributed it as Linux.


Today Linux is distributed as a large collection of individual distributions, or "distros" as commonly referred to, which are all based on the Linux kernel of course. Some of these distros are used for commercial and enterprise solutions, such as Red Hat. Others are completely free in every aspect, such as Ubuntu. Each distro is designed to be unique. Some are very easy to use, and others really take some devotion to use. It's all a matter of personal preference.

Linux isn't for everyone

That's right, Linux isn't for everyone. There are a lot of wrong reasons to switch to Linux, and switching for the wrong reason can be bad.

The idea behind Linux is the freedom. The freedom to do whatever you damned well please with your system. If this what you want in your operating system, then this is a good reason to switch.

On the other hand, if you're just tired of spyware and petty stuff such as that, but are still happy with Windows overall, you probably shouldn't switch just yet. You'll find that you're missing Windows and were attached to it more than you thought.

It's hard to tell what a good reason and a bad reason for someone is. You just need to try to make the right choice. I suggest reading the "Linux is NOT Windows" page found here:

Then make a decision as to whether you want to go on with it.

Which distribution best suits you?

The first thing you need to decide before diving into Linux is which distribution is going to best suit your needs. As a beginner, you might feel very challenged using a distro such as Gentoo or Slackware. However, you might also feel like you're being starved of a "Linux experience" if you use a distro like MEPIS.

You need to address what you want to get out of Linux first:

Do you want to learn everything you can about Linux and become more experienced, even if it means breaking your system and chronic migranes for the next few months?

Do you want to have a functional desktop environment where you can be productive, but still learn about Linux and have a nice experience?

Do you want to make an easy transition from Windows and use a very Windows-like distro which doesn't rely heavily on the command line?

Once you address which one of those you are, you can better decide which distro you want to start with first. Think long and hard about this.


Keep thinking...

Ok, I assume you've decided by now, so on to the next phase. We'll address each of those individually.

I want to dive in head first! I'm ready to take anything on. RAWR BRING IT ON LINUX

That means you've chosen number one. Ha. Have fun. :D

There are two distributions which come to mind especially for this section. Those are Gentoo and Slackware. I'll address both.

Gentoo is what you would call a "from source" distribution. This means that almost all of the installation of software is done by compiling packages yourself. It's not the most fun thing to do, but you will learn a lot by doing this. You should also expect a VERY long and tedius installation. During this time you'll be introduced to kernel compilating almost immediately and hardware configuration hell. I hope you like command lines. Gentoo's philosophy is that since you compile everything and do just about everything manually, you are "in complete control" and you "build your system from the ground up". Charming of course, but not friendly to everything.

Pros: Great for learning Linux, and also nice once you do learn it. Gentoo probably has the best documentation and support community out of all the distributions.
Cons: To be blunt, it's just hard. All of the compiling and configuration is going to beat on you pretty hard. Expect your system to be useless for AT LEAST a week with this one.

Slackware is currently the oldest surviving Linux distribution, originally created in 1993. Slackware is considered by many to be the "purest" form of Linux. You won't find hugs and kisses here boys and girls. Slackware doesn't take a very helpful approach to package management. Installing and removing software on Slackware can be done as easy as any other distribution of course, it's just different than most. Slackware is also very "source oriented", much like Gentoo. You'll find yourself compiling a lot, the installation process isn't quite as bad though. You will also find yourself editing A LOT of text files to configure your system. Fun fun, but you will gain a lot of valuable Linux experience with this.

Pros: Very stable and secure. Offers a great learning environment.
Cons: There really isn't a great support community for Slack. It can be hard to do quite a bit of stuff.

I just want a distro that works. I want to be able to use my computer almost immediately. I want a Linux experience though!

Ah, good choice my newbie friend. Good choice. A lot of distributions are moving in this direction. Too many to list. I'm only going to list my three favorites, but check out the resources at the bottom for more information on others.

Ubuntu is my personal favorite in distributions right now. Ubuntu works almost "out of the box". It offers a friendly environment to new Linux users, but still gets you involved in more advanced Linux tasks like working with the command line. Ubuntu has a great package management system. Ubuntu is based off of Debian, so it uses the Apt-Get package manager and .deb files. It has the ability to install from source or .rpm files though. Overall, Ubuntu is very friendly and allows for a productive environment along with fantastic community support.

Pros:Easy to use and get involved with. GREAT community.
Cons Still fairly new and contains some rough edges.

Fedora is a Red Hat sponsored distribution. Fedora is a very well-rounded distribution in that you can do a lot with it. It offers a great server platform, as well as desktop use. It's generally a fairly easy to use distro and offers a nice "Linux feel". The community for Fedora is also a very helpful one. Fedora also comes with a plethora of pre-installed programs at installation. It's unlikely you'll need to install much right away. A good choice for experimentation and average use.

Pros: Can be used for many different tasks. Generally pretty easy to use. Large amount of pre-installed software
Cons: Short release cycle and serves mainly as testing for Red Hat enterprise

SUSE is also a nice distro to start off with. SUSE has a great strongpoint with it's YaST configuration tools, something you'll come to love. SUSE is also seemingly very easy to use. Not much to say about this distro, but definately a worthy choice.

Pros: Nice configuration tools, easy to use
Cons: Sort of slow and a bit laggy at times.

I'm kinda scared of this whole Linux thing. I just want to get my feet wet and see what it's like over there.

This is also not a bad place to be. It offers probably the most "userfriendly" as in "windows userfriendly" distributions. A good place to start if you still feel uncomfortable. Two distributions stand out here, but one more than another.

MEPIS is good newbie distribution. You can accomplish just about anything through the GUI and avoid the scary terminal for a long time. MEPIS is slightly bloated because of this though, not a major issue, but something to think about. MEPIS is debian based, so it uses the APT package manager, which is excellent and easy to use.

Pros: Very user friendly
Cons: Still new. You probably won't get the whole "linux experience" with this distribution.

Xandros specifically targest new users. It works straight out of the box and is very easy to use. It is probably THE MOST user friendly distribution there is. Something to think about. It also has an excellent file manager and media tools.

Pros: The most newbie friendly distro on the market. Works out of the box.
Cons: Contains some proprietary components.


Ok, so you've decided which distribution best fits you by now. Hopefully you've visited their website and found more information. You're just about to the point where you're ready to install Linux onto your hard drive. Here are some tips I would advise before installing.

Use a Live CD first

Most distros offer what's called a Live CD. A live CD is a CD that you can boot from and run the distro right off the disk. This means you won't write any changes to your hdd and can't screw anything up. This offers a good chance to see if the distro is really for you too. I would advise this for sure.

Don't go dumping Windows just yet

That's right, don't go erasing Windows right away. Most installations allow you to resize your Windows partition so that you can just make some room for your Linux distro. Or you can just opt to install linux on a totally different hard drive. The choice is yours. Besides, you paid perfectly good money for Windows, so why not keep it?

For God's sake BACK UP

For the love of god, back up your Windows data before you even put the install CD in. It's very likely that you can and will break your system playing with stuff and configuring stuff.

Additional Resources
Top Ten Linux Distributions
Linux is NOT Windows
Linux Wikipedia Page
Linux Distribution Chooser

That's all for now. I'll be updating this periodically and adding a second chapter later.

I hope this helped you make your decision about Linux. :D

Have fun.

Guide by Piggah

Last edited by Milo on January 24th, 2008, 10:55 pm, edited 2 times in total. Reason: spoiler tags blew up
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 Post subject: Getting started with Windows Vista
PostPosted: June 20th, 2007, 5:41 am 
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Ok since the release of Vista there has been a lot of discussion over who is going to get it, the problem is i and many others im sure feel that most people don't really know all that much about vista other then what microsoft has put out there for information on it.

The purpose of this thread is to gather and present information to educate people on the facts and truths about vista, not just the things that microsoft puts out.

So feel free to post any thoughts, articles, reviews, or anything to add towards the discussion.

Here is my first two tid bits, both of which i got off toms hardware a very informative and up to date site that deals with technology.

To keep things condensed I will just give everyone the links to these articles and I high suggest that anyone considering purchasing Vista read them before continuing. ... tanalyzed/[/quote]

Guide by Draco Dun

Last edited by Milo on January 24th, 2008, 10:55 pm, edited 2 times in total. Reason: spoiler tags blew up
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 Post subject: Looking to start a forum, but what should I use?
PostPosted: June 20th, 2007, 5:59 am 
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The latest version of this tutorial can be found here. I've decided to just add a link because it would be very difficult to convert the newer version from HTML to BBCode.

This guide will inform you on how to create and manage a forum.

Why have a forum?

If you have a clan, or you're working on a project with a team, a forum is a great way to communicate. The type of forum you should have depends on what you plan on using the forum for.

Types of forum best for attracting users and creating a community:

  • phpBB: Free software, requires paid hosting with mySQL access.
  • vBulletin: $85-160 license, requires paid hosting.
  • Invision: Don't know much about this, but it's a bit like phpbb. Full-version costs money. $69.95 for a year's subscription, $199 for a lifetime subscription. MySQL database is fre, but if you want a different kind it costs $60. MySQL works like a charm for phpBB, so I don't know the advantages of other databases.

Types of forums best for use if you just need a way to communicate in a clan, or for any other purpose (for each of these, you don't have FTP access, so you can't install new functions or templates/styles, making them all very limited):

Why attempting to create a community on a free forum will never work right.

You get what you pay for. Free forums are extremely limited, almost always contain unremovable ads, are very slow, and usually have bugs.

Without FTP access to your forums, you can't hack your forum. By "hacking your forum", I mean changing the code, and adding in new functions or modifying existing ones. Many of the functions that we all take for granted on RV were not originally included in the software Hiker used, such as the Global Announcement hack, the gender hack, and the quick reply hack. These are impossible to get on free forums.

What type of forums does RV use?

These forums are based on phpBB 2.0.8, with roughly 35-50 modifications. There are a few glitches, but overall this forum is much better than any free forum. It'd be impossible to use a free forum to host the amount of users that RV has, because free forums have limited bandwith and not enough functions to manage so many users (moderators have very limits powers without special hacks being installed).

Hacking/modifying phpBB

My favorite site for pre-made hacks is

Here is a list of the best hacks that no forum should be without:

  • Allow/Disallow Signature: Similar to avatars - you can allow/disallow the signatures for each individual user.
  • Cards Hack: This is a major hack that will give your users/mods/admins (you choose) the right to give other users cards based upon their posts.
  • Global Announcement Hack: This hack makes it possible to post Announcements that are visible in all of your forums.
  • Resize Remote Avatars: Dynamically resize remote avatars to fit the maximum size set in the admin control panel.
  • Restrict Images in Signatures: Restrict the width, the height and the number of images in signatures.
  • Customizable Admin and Moderator Colors: This hack allows the administrator to select username colors for administrators and moderators via the admin panel.

    I've had some problems with this hack before, but I've used it to aid in the creation of my own method of creating custom online colors. If you need help with this hack, please contact me.
  • Advanced Quick Reply Hack: This hack allows users to use a quick reply form which is placed below every topic.

How to install hacks

1) Download the hack, unzip it, and open the install.txt file (may have a different name).

2) Download all the files from your site that it tells you need to be modified.

3) The install file will tell you to open a file, and give you specific steps on what to find, and what to do with the code. Once you've gone through all the steps in the instillation file, save the other files and prepare to upload them and test them.

4)Go around your folder and try everything out to make sure it works fine.

5) If it works fine, upload the files to your main phpbb root folders. If there's a glitch, either try to find out what you did wrong, or redownload the files from your main phpbb root again and start over. If there's a glitch on one page, just download that page (for example, if you get a glitch just on viewforum.php, start over on that.). However, some files call other files, so for example, viewforum.php calls lang_main.php for certain info, and if lang_main.php is corrupt at a certain line, the viewforum.php will give you an error.

mySQL queries for advanced users only!

These are pretty tricky. If you have cPanel 6 go to "mySQL management", and look for the "phpMyAdmin" link. Click it, then look for the area to add in a query, copy and paste the code it tells you, then submit it.

Some hacks include install_hackname.php files. These are files, that when accessed on your forum, automatically do all the mySQL dirty work for you. Run these files once and then delete them, or they may cause a security problem.

Guide by Cosmos

Last edited by Milo on January 24th, 2008, 10:55 pm, edited 2 times in total. Reason: spoiler tags blew up
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 Post subject: Looking to start a forum, but where could I host it?
PostPosted: March 8th, 2008, 10:38 pm 
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Are you looking at starting a forum or a website? Well, this is the perfect place to find a host. I have listed Many Many free forum, free site, paid site, paid forum hosts below. The ones I have recomended are the hosts that you should try out first.

NOTE: All prices are in American Money

Host = Recomended
Host = Owned by a Villager
Host = Recomended + Owned by a villager
--Free Forum Hosting--

--Paid Forum Hosting-- 20.00/year 7.00/month 6.95/month 4.99/month 11.95/month 4.99/month 6.95/month

--Free Site Hosting-- Free cPanel Pro!

--Paid Site Hosting-- With fantastico! 35.00/year 10.00/month 3.50/month 4.99/month 3.99/month 47.88/year 3.95/month 4.00/month 2.99/month 6.95/month 5.95/month 6.95/month 5.00/month 4.95/month 5.95/month 7/month 3/month 1/month

new --Free Portal Hosting--


Hope this helps you find a good host to start your site!

Ps:: If you have a host you would like to add the the list, please fill out the form below
Host name:
Host Link/url:
What type of host (free site, paid site, free forum, paid forum, free portal):
Price of host (monthly or yearly):
Do YOU own this host (yes/no):

Guide by vinnyjordan

Last edited by Milo on January 24th, 2008, 10:55 pm, edited 1 time in total. Reason: spoiler tags blew up Last bumped by Milo on March 8th, 2008, 10:38 pm.
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